Hyperloop Explained | The B1M

billed as the fastest way to cross the surface of the earth Hyperloop represents the greatest leap in transport infrastructure for generations with passengers sitting in pots that travel its airline speed through pressurized tubes using electric propulsion and magnetic levitation the concept promises to slash geni times between major cities from several hours to a matter of minutes whilst it may feel like science fiction Hyperloop is now on the cusp of becoming a reality this is the story behind the concept that's about to revolutionize our world [Music] Hyperloop was first conceived in 2012 by Tesla and SpaceX founder Elon Musk in a white paper released the following year musk set out his vision for a futuristic super high-speed transportation system they would see passenger pods move through a partial vacuum in steel tubes addressing the two key factors that slow down conventional vehicles friction and air resistance exploring a potential route between Los Angeles and San Francisco must believe that his concept could slash the eight hour bus ride four-hour train journey and convoluted three-hour air travel experience between the two cities to just 30 minutes under Musk's first Hyperloop proposal he suggested that compression fans would move air around the passenger pods to minimize drag and create air bearings beneath them floating them off the surface of the tubes it should be noted that Musk's early Hyperloop concept is not a million miles away from isambard kingdom brunel atmospheric railway that ran between Exeter and Plymouth in the UK from 1847 to 1848 that system moved carriages with pressurized air the air was extracted from a pipe that ran between the rails by pumping stations situated roughly every three miles along the route creating a vacuum a piston contained within this pipe was connected to the Train which pulled it forward despite its initial success the leather flaps that made the vacuum pipes airtight soon began to fail causing air to leak from the system and Brunel railway was abandoned with an estimated price tag close to six billion US dollars Musk's first Hyperloop concepts never came to fruition but the impressive idea and potential to link cities in such a direct way sparked intense interest from inception mosque had always stated that the concept of Hyperloop would be open-source and he actively encouraged others to come together and develop the necessary technology independently from his involvement this led to the formation of several startups and student teams developing various aspects of Hyperloop technology with varying degrees of success now several fully fledged companies are making significant strides to bring Hyperloop systems into reality Piper leave transportation technologies or HTT are making aggressive advancements and recently constructed a full-scale test track in France but the clear leaders of the pack in the current standings are virgin Hyperloop one virgin Hyperloop one are on track to achieve their bold ambition of bringing a Hyperloop system into operation by 2021 originally formed in 2014 as Hyperloop 1 the company was rebranded following a significant investment from Sir Richard Branson in 2017 deviating slightly from Musk's original plan virgin Hyperloop ones technology combines two basic principles the first is magnetic levitation or maglev a technology already used in mana rails to lift the passenger pods and move them along their rails magnetic levitation uses two sets of magnets one to repel the Train from the track and lifted upwards and the other to move the floating train along the track at considerable speed with reduced friction the second principle is the use of a low pressure vacuum sealed environment for the passenger pods to travel through by removing most of the air from the tubes and having no contact with the ground the pods face little to no resistance as they move air pressures inside the tube are equivalent to flying two hundred thousand feet above sea level such an environment enables the pods to reach speeds of over 760 miles per hour using very little energy by virtue of being in a tube the system is protected from the weather and can operate in almost any climatic conditions virgin Hyperloop one's system is controlled by advanced software that ensures acceleration and deceleration occurred gradually going relatively unnoticed by those traveling inside having built a 500 meter track in the Nevada desert virgin Hyperloop one have carried out several tests focusing on individual aspects of the system and a complete full scale systems test in May 2017 the propulsion braking levitation and vacuum systems are all performing well and the team have achieved a top speed of over two hundred and forty miles per hour to date to inform their plans for developing a fully operational network that is affordable for all virgin Hyperloop one launched a global challenge to find the routes best placed to benefit from Hyperloop technology with over 2,600 entries the field was reduced to just 35 potential locations with each entry enjoying strong support from governments and urban plans with 10 winners across five countries virgin hyper live one are now working in partnership with each of the locations on how best to deliver the Hyperloop technologies in live networks in February 2018 the firm unveiled their first prototype passenger pods for the Dubai to Abu Dhabi route a network that would drastically slash the car travel time between the two cities from 2 hours to just 12 minutes the advantages of Hyperloop are considerable like train stations Hyperloop stations called portals are planned to be located within inner-city areas with easy links to existing transport infrastructure this gives Hyperloop systems a distinct advantage over air travel where airports tend to be located beyond city limits with fewer accessibility options additionally the system is being developed to function on a turn up and go principle without a lengthy check-in process and with accelerated advanced security checks another clear benefit is its speed if Hyperloop could significantly reduce the travel time between cities it could be possible to live in a completely different city or part of the country from where you work with a commute notice similar in length to the one you perhaps take today this opens up a wide range of housing and employment opportunities with people no longer having to live close to where they work it could also take pressure off our cities where infrastructure is often still catching up with development and warehouse prices have become unattainable for most with speeds rivaling aircraft and nine of the top ten busiest errors in the world being domestic pipe loop has the potential to completely revolutionize the way we live work and travel a Hyperloop system requires very little energy to propel pods through its tubes as the vacuum environment poses little resistance as such the systems could be powered by renewable technologies such as solar and wind offering a considerably cleaner alternative to air travel when you consider the prospects of people being propelled in tubes across the Earth's surface at near supersonic speeds there are a number of questions that instinctively jump to mind perhaps the first is the impact of a potential break or breach in one of the tubes possibly as the result of an earthquake or external impacts virgin high believe one explained that they have addressed this by constructing thick steel tubes that are extremely difficult to puncture or break additionally the tubes are engineered to withstand changes in pressure and air leaks while maintaining their structure integrity theoretically a sudden influx of air into one of the tubes would simply slow the pods down due to the increased air resistance the pods could then be directed to the next portal via an auxilary power boost there is also the ability to section off parts of the route and to repressurize sections where significant emergencies occur and all pods are expected to be fitted with emergency access externally Hyperloop systems will largely travel on elevated seismically designed pylons that are able to move and flex independently of one another minimizing damage in the event of a major ground shift sensors along the route would instantly report issues to the systems control center in answering the natural safety concerns raised virgin Hyperloop one also point out that millions of people already travel at high speeds in metal tubes every time they take a flight and that numerous concerns surrounded the use of jet aircraft when that mode of transportation first came to prevalence while the idea of Hyperloop may seem far-fetched when you consider the industrial progress made in the past 200 years the current rate of technology adoption in our societies and the significant advances being made by hope elite companies around the world this incredible new transportation system looks sets become part of our everyday lives in the very near future if you enjoyed this video and would like to get more from the definitive video channel for construction subscribe to the b1m

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